Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur-812 007, Bihar Abstract: Allelochemicals and physical barriers such as wax of leaf surfaces, trichomes, cell wall thickness and lignifications of host control Aphis craccivora environmentally. A. craccivora caused pod shrivelling at the young and … Aphis craccivora is an efficient Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. Thesis Title Inheritance of Resistance to Cowpea Aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch.) Aphids ( Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Cowpea aphid, Black legume aphid, Groundnut aphid.. Distribution. Within a few days, nymphs mature into reproductive adults and Equbal Ahmad2 Aphid Systematics & Biocontrol Laboratory, University Department of Zoology, T.M. It causes direct damage and also has an indirect effect as insect vector of the Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV). Tri Asmira Damayanti* Endah Muliarti* Dewi Sartiami* *Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl. Among aphids, A. craccivora is one of the major crop pests infesting over 400 host plants, Koch merupakan salah satu hama yang sangat merusak pada berbagai tanaman pertanian, disamping mengisap cairan tanaman hama ini juga sebagai vektor virus, keberadaan hama ini akan menimbulkan kerugian secara ekonomis pada tanaman yang dibudidayakan. The application of vegetable insecticides from papaya leaf extract is expected to reduce the presence of pests. nymph of A. craccivora per polybag on both the PGPR-application plants and the control-application plants. International Conference on Agricultural and Animal Science Ipcbee 22: 119-123. Observation on biology of Aphis craccivora Parameters observed were the time needed for each instar phase, life cycle, preoviposition, life span and fecundity of A. craccivora. BEHAVIOR Stylet Penetration Activities by Aphis craccivora (Homoptera: Aphididae) on Plants and Excised Plant Parts of Resistant and Susceptible Cultivars of Cowpea (Leguminosae) I. BILLY ANNAN,1 WARD M. TINGEY, GEORGE A. SCHAEFERS,2 W. F. TJALLINGII,3 ELAINE A. BACKUS,4 AND K. N. SAXENA5 Department of Entomology, Insectary, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853—2604 The aphids Aphis gossypii Glover (Ramalho et al. This insect has a wide range of hosts and extensive distribution. Due to heavy Botanical insecticides that degrade rapidly are safer than persistent synthetic chemical insecticides, less harmful to the environment, decrease production costs and are not likely to cause insecticide resistance among pests. Kamper, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 triadys@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Yambean mosaic virus is the most important virus infècting yam bean in Indonesia. Yardlong Bean for Resistance to Bean Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch). Singh and Allen (1980) estimated yield losses of 20% to 40% in cowpea due to A. craccivora infestation in Asia and up to 35% in … The research was done to test the effectiveness of chitosan in suppressing aphid population growth, feeding preference and its ability in transmiting BCMV. The mortality of cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora), due to the treatment of chemicals ranged from 50 to 98%. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch is a notorious key pest of this crop. Its feeding causes leaf shriveling and bud deformation and as the population increases, plant infested become weaked due to loss of sap and toxins injected (Silva et al. 2012. Salah satu hama yang banyak menyerang tanaman kacang tanah adalah kutudaun Aphis craccivora yang menyebabkan kerusakan yang cukup besar pada tanaman kacang tanah. A. craccivora and their predator Cheilomenes sexmaculata found abundantly in the localities of northeast Bihar [4]. (ii) To investigate the effect of infestation of a younger leaf (T,) on the rate of photosynthesis of the leaf below it (T,), 30 apterae were confined to the T, on one plant of each pair and measurements made at intervals on the T,. The experiment was conducted in terms of age-specific functional response to the varying density (5, 10, 20, 40, 60 and 80) of third instar nymphs of Aphis craccivora (Koch) at 23 ± 1 °C, 70 ± 5% R.H. and a photoperiod of 16: 8 h (L: D). Cowpea aphid feeding damage includes sucking and removing plant sap that reduces the amount of nutrients and water available to the crop and causes transmission of plant viruses. The life cycle for A. craccivora recorded at daily basis. Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch is a polyphagous pest of cowpea that attacks the crop, feeding on all plant parts and leading to significant yield losses [10–12]. 2012) and Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Aphididae) (Moraes and Ramalho 1980) are serious crop pests in Brazil. Berdasarkan uji patogenesitas pada Aphis craccivora untuk dapat membunuh 50%, dan 75% dibutuhkan kerapatan konidia B. basiana yang lebih sedikit dibandingkan dengan isolat M. anisopliae. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata was infested at the young, mid‐fill and mature pod growth stages with, respectively, one, two and three pre‐reproductive adult apterae of Aphis craccivora per pod in a screen house. Aphis Craccivora Koch Rakhshan1, Md. Common names. Kutudaun yang lahir dipelihara pada tanaman kacang panjang sehat. dan A. gossypii( Glover) TñAsmira Damayanti, Endah Muliarti, Dewi Sartiami... Pengaruh Konsentrasi Pupuk Hayati Majemuk Batuan Fosfat Alam Terhadap Serapan P oleh Tanaman Selada (Lactuca sativa L.) di Tanah Andisols Joko Maryanto danAbubakar Aphis craccivora. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. Identifikasi kutudaun dilakukan berdasarkan kunci identifikasi Blackman & Eastop (2000). Nilai LC hasil analisis probit hari ke-5 M. anisopliae terhadap A. craccivora. RESPON PERKEMBANGBIAKAN Aphis craccivora Koch. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. In this study, the endosymbiotic mi-crobiotae in A. craccivora and M. crassicauda collected from different localities in Japan were investigated in compar- (HEMIPTERA: APHIDIDAE) IN LONG BEAN (Vigna sinensis L.) WITH ROOT FUNGUS TREATMENT R. Miftha Huljanna 05071281621036 … Host odour preference of Aphis craccivora Journal of Biopesticides 3(1 Special Issue) 405 - 407 (2010) 405 Olfactory response of cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch, to host odours and population of conspecifics J. Jaba*, B. Haseena, S. Tripathy, A. C. Hosamani and Y. S. Amaresh Aphis craccivora is one of the important pests on yard long bean. Aphis craccivora (Koch) and Aphis gos-sypii (Glover) (Pervez and Omkar 2004 and Omkar and Mishra 2005), whereas their development and reproduction are negatively affected, when fed on aphids containing toxic biochemical constituents. On the vetch Vicia sativaand other leguminous plants, Aphis craccivora, Megoura crassicaudaand A. pisumfrequently co-occur and form mixed colonies. (HEMIPTERA:APHIDIDAE) PADA TANAMAN KACANG PANJANG (Vigna sinensis L.) DENGAN PERLAKUAN JAMUR AKAR DEVELOPMENT RESPONSE OF Aphis craccivora Koch. tain aphids, viz. Entomopatogen merupakan salah satu agen hayati yang berpotensi untuk mengendalikan berbagai hama, dan aman … in Yardlong Bean and Cowpea by Microsatellite Markers Author Mr. Somsak Potarot Major Program Plant Science Academic Year 2011 ABSTRACT The cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch.) Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphidi-dae) is a major insect pest of cowpea in Africa, Asia and the Americas (Obeng-Ofori, 2007). Evaluation of Yardlong Bean and Cowpea for Resistance to Aphis craccivora Koch In Southern Part of 2005). Aphis craccivora and Vigna sesquipedalis 91 and length the midribs were made at intervals for 10 days. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch, is one of the most serious pests of legumes, such as faba bean, cowpea and pea [3]. 2009). is an insect that causes considerable damage to the production of yardlong bean in many countries. Kemudian kutudaun dipindahkan pada tanaman sakit dan dibiarkan hingga muncul populasi kutudaun bersayap. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari tingkat serangan yang ditimbulkan oleh kutudaun A. craccivora … Kacang tanah (Arachis hypogea L.) merupakan sumber karbohidrat dan protein nabati yang banyak dibutuhkan oleh tubuh. Eggs develop within the mother and nymphs are born live. Worldwide in distribution, but particularly common in warm temperate and tropical regions. an aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch to evaluate the toxic and repellent effects under laboratory condition in the Department of Entomology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur during September 2016 to January 2017. lmidacioprid 17.8 SL at 0.005 % concentration recorded highest … Aphis craccivora dari lapangan dibebasviruskan pada daun talas selama semalam. Aphis craccivora a polyphagous aphid species with a preference for Fabaceae. Aphis craccivora Koch. Aphis craccivora initially infests cowpea seedlings, but as this plant develops, it may infest flowers and pods (Berberet et al. Klasifikasi dan Morfologi Kutu Daun (Aphis gossypii) – Hama Kutu Daun atau dikenal Hama Aphid memiliki nama latin Aphis gossypii, dengan famili Aphididae adalah hama penghisap yang sangat membahayakan tanaman, hama ini juga sebagai vektor penularan berbagai macam virus.Hama ini menyerang pada musim kemarau, pada fase awal pertumbuhan tanaman. LC 50% : 1,2 x 106 dan LC 75% : 5,2 x 108, sedangkan This research covers multiplication A. craccivora long bean, multiplication B. bassiana in the laboratory Benchasri, S., C. Bairaman and C. Nualsri. These insects directly damage the plants by sucking the phloem, and indirectly by virus transmission and excretion of excess carbohydrates from their diet of DAN A. gossypii Glover. Chemicals ranged from 50 to 98 % … RESPON PERKEMBANGBIAKAN Aphis craccivora is one of aphis craccivora pdf... Aphid ( Aphis craccivora is one of the serious pest of Phaseolus sinensis and Lablab purpureus * Departemen Proteksi,! 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