The indicator focuses on the effort to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) through the effective implementation of key international instruments. We promote environmental sustainability as a crucial enabling factor in implementing … Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 18. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the ocean has absorbed about one third of the carbon dioxide released by human activities, thereby mitigating the full impact of climate change. Wat doet Nederland ermee? Pollution of both land and seas is a threat in many coastal regions. However, more than 20 per cent of countries have a low to medium level of implementation of such frameworks, particularly in Oceania and Central and South Asia. Home Category: Sustainable Development Goal 14. Ze worden gepromoot als de wereldwijde doelstellingen voor duurzame ontwikkeling.De SDGs zijn van 2016 tot 2030 van kracht, en vervangen de … resources at all levels. Pollution of both land and seas is a threat in many coastal regions. Small-scale fisheries face numerous challenges. By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution, Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density, By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans, Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches, Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels, Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations, By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics, Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels, By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information, Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas, By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation, Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism, Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries, Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries, Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology, Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets, Progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries, Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want, Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources, was reviewed in-depth at the High-level Political Forum of, Learn about the latest activities of Peter Thomson, Special Envoy for the Ocean, The Sustainable Development Goals Report Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. Goal 14 Targets 14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and eutrophication (excessive nutrients in water, frequently a result of run-off from land, which causes dense plant growth and the death of animal life from lack of oxygen). markets, most countries have developed targeted regulatory and institutional Without concerted efforts, coastal eutrophication is expected to increase in 20 per cent of large marine ecosystems by 2050. Ocean acidification is closely linked to shifts in the carbonate chemistry of the waters, which can lead to a significant weakening of the shells and skeletons of many marine species (such as reef-building corals and shelled molluscs). The global indicator framework was developed by the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDGs) and agreed to, as a practical starting point at the 47th session of the UN Statistical Commission held in March 2016. The sustainable use and preservation of marine and coastal ecosystems and their biological diversity is essential to achieving the 2030 Agenda, in particular for small island developing States. Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters due to pollution and Home UNU Sustainable Development Explorer Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Oceans, which cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface, … Target 2.1: By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round observations of ocean acidification over the past 30 years have shown an Biodiverse marine sites require safeguarding to ensure sustainable long-term use of their precious natural resources. However, there is very limited information available on how the large-scale commercial fishing industry might contribute to the achievement of SDG 14. The global share of marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 69 per cent in 2013. The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. Locations of our Key Initiatives Linked to this Sustainable Development Goal. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018. They are particularly crucial for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the global population in 2010. Wat zijn de Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)? [1] The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution Targets and Indicators SDG 14 has seven targets, or subgoals that track progress towards The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. Lees alles op SDG Nederland! science funding remain critically important to preserve marine resources. E/2016/75 - Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals; Oceans, along with coastal and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development worldwide. SDG 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development The role of business Oceans face the threats of marine and nutrient pollution, resource depletion and climate change, all of which are caused primarily by human actions. Objetivo 14. to sustainable fisheries, the livelihoods of those who depend upon them and Concerns about ocean acidification, first expressed in the early 1980s, have now been confirmed, and the extent of its impact on marine ecosystems is being investigated. They are particularly crucial for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the global population in 2010. increase in 20 per cent of large marine ecosystems by 2050. A new ocean acidification data portal shows an increase in variability in pH and the acidity of the oceans by 10 to 30 per cent in the period 2015–2019. agreement to combat such fishing, entered into force in June 2016. Goal 14 targets | UNDP Goal 14 targets By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris … United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". The increasingly adverse impacts of climate change (including ocean acidification), overfishing and marine pollution are jeopardizing recent gains in protecting portions of the world’s oceans. The EU agenda on International Ocean Governance focuses on securing safe, secure, and sustainable development of the oceans through better and more effective rules as well as through more effective knowledge and research. It has ten targets relating to marine pollution, protecting marine and … The global mean percentage of each The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 18. by protected areas, a significant increase from 12 per cent in 2015 and more A full list of EU policies and actions supporting Goal 14 is available below. In fact, coastal and marine resources contribute an estimated $28 trillion to the global economy each year through ecosystem services. The global share of marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 18. The effects of overfishing, ocean acidification, warmer waters and coastal eutrophication spell calamity for billions of people who depend on the ocean for their livelihoods and food. Ultimately, overfishing impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity, with negative repercussions for sustainable social and economic development. than double the extent covered in 2010. Ocean acidification is caused by the uptake of atmospheric CO2 by the ocean, As at December 2019, more than 24 million km2, or 17 per cent, of waters under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore) were covered by protected areas, more than doubling in extent since 2010. These goals are designed to address every significant social, environmental, economic aspect for the Sustainable Development … <br> Progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries, Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want, Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources. The five large marine ecosystems most at risk from coastal eutrophication, according to a global comparative assessment undertaken in 2016 as part of the Transboundary Water Assessment Programme, are the Bay of Bengal, the East China Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, the North Brazil Shelf and the South China Sea. Goal 14: Life Below Water. Studies at open ocean and coastal sites around the world show that current levels of However, this comes at a steep ecological price, as dissolved carbon dioxide in seawater lowers the pH level of oceans, thereby increasing acidity and changing the biogeochemical carbonate balance. Goal 14. To achieve sustainable development of fisheries, fish stocks must be maintained By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism for their livelihood and food source and on the transboundary nature of oceans, 2018, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable They are included in a UN Resolution called the 2030 Agenda or … at a biologically sustainable level. Oceans provide livelihoods and tourism benefits, as well as subsistence and income. Globally, in 2014, 8.4 per cent of the marine environment under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore) and 0.25 per cent of the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction were under protection. <br> Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. The sustainable use and preservation of marine and coastal ecosystems and their biological diversity is essential to achieving the 2030 Agenda, in particular for small island developing States. SDG Indicators - Sustainable Development Goal Indicators. with serious consequences for marine life. Goal 14: Life Below Water The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. As of December 2018, over 24 million km2 Sustainable Development Goal 14 (Goal 14 or SDG 14) is about "Life below water" and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. areas for marine biodiversity, intensification of research capacity and increases in ocean In many coastal communities, pollution and eutrophication, which is the presence of excessive nutrients in water, frequently owing to runoff from the land, causing dense plant growth and the death of animal life, are driving detrimental changes. Oceans and fisheries continued to support the global population’s economic, social and environmental needs while suffering unsustainable depletion, environmental deterioration and carbon dioxide saturation and acidification. This indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 14.6. However, the trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized from 2008 to 2013. Ocean acidification is closely linked to shifts in the carbonate chemistry of the waters, which can lead to a significant weakening of the shells and skeletons of many marine species (such as reef-building corals and shelled molluscs). The number of parties to the Agreement has rapidly increased and stood at 58 as of February 2019. marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels declined from VN-Resolutie Op 25 september 2015 keurden de staats- en regeringsleiders van de 193 staten van de Verenigde Naties de resolutie goed: 'Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’ . As of January 2018, 16 per cent (or over 22 million square kilometres) of marine Source: Report of the Secretary-General, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable The ocean absorbs around 23 per cent of the annual emissions of anthropogenic carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, helping to alleviate the impacts of climate change on the planet, however, resulting in a decreasing pH and acidification of the ocean. We need new alliances like those described above that tap the innovation of businesses, civil society, cities and governments. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. Small-scale fisheries are present in almost all countries, accounting for more 14 Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. As billions of people depend on oceans for their livelihood and food source and on the transboundary nature of oceans, increased efforts and interventions are needed to conserve and sustainably use ocean resources at all levels. Goal 14: Life below water. Oceans provide livelihoods and tourism benefits, as well as subsistence and income. The environment underlies each of those goals – from eliminating hunger to reducing inequalities to building sustainable communities around the world. In response, about 70 per cent of the respondents to a survey representing 92 countries and the European Union have introduced or developed regulations, policies, laws, plans or strategies specifically targeting small-scale fisheries. The The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity and existing policies Overfishing reduces food production, impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity. For However, more than 20 per cent of countries have a low to medium Sustainable Development Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the ocean, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. Targets and Indicators SDG 14 has seven targets, or subgoals that track progress towards sustainable ocean use and its conservation. <br> Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries. Target 14.6 by 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and eliminate subsidies that contribute to IUU fishing, and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the WTO fisheries subsidies negotiation Current efforts to protect key marine environments and small-scale fishers and invest in ocean science are not yet meeting the urgent need to protect this vast, fragile resource. Goal 14 in Action Explore the Targets Healthy oceans and seas are essential to our existence.They cover 70 percent of our planet and we rely on them for food, energy and water. Globally, in 2014, 8.4 per cent of the marine environment under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore) and 0.25 per cent of the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction were under protection. Goal 14 will commit world leaders to "conserve and sustainably use oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development." change and worsening coastal eutrophication. To However, if not sustainably managed, fishing can damage fish habitats. In addition, since river basins, marine ecosystems and the atmosphere are all part of hydrological systems, the effects of such pollution are often felt far from their source. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, The Sustainable Development Goals Report The report of the Commission, which included the global indicator framework, was then taken note of by ECOSOC at its 70th session in June 2016. eutrophication. As billions of people depend on oceans promote small-scale fishers’ access to productive resources, services and 2018. This is more than double the 2010 coverage level. Small-scale fisheries face numerous challenges. By 2020, countries commit to achieving the sustainable management of marine ecosystems, and in another five years, significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds. cent in 2000 to 44.7 per cent in 2015 and to 45.7 per cent in 2018. The U.N. has discussed issues concerning the ocean with world leaders since 2008 in the annual meeting of the World Ocean Council, but involvement from the private sector has been limited. rate, an increase of 100 to 150 per cent is predicted by the end of the century, They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and protecting coastal areas from flooding and erosion. Most countries have taken measures to combat such fishing and have adopted an increasing number of fisheries management instruments in the past decade. By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution; Sustainable Development Goal 14 commits countries to unite over what is a truly global responsibility – the protection of our oceans and the lives that depend on it. In many coastal communities, pollution and eutrophication, which is the presence of excessive nutrients in water, frequently owing to runoff from the land, causing dense plant growth and the death of animal life, are driving detrimental changes. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. The number When effectively managed and well resourced, marine protected areas are important mechanisms for safeguarding ocean life. Development Goals, Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. This is more than double the 2010 coverage level. As of December 2018, over 24 million km2 (17.2 per cent) of waters under national jurisdiction (0–200 nautical miles from a national border) were covered by protected areas, a significant increase from 12 per cent in 2015 and more than double the extent covered in 2010. Ocean acidification is caused by the uptake of atmospheric CO2 by the ocean, which changes the chemical composition of the seawater. The sustainability of global fishery resources continues to decline, though at a reduced rate, with the proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels at 65.8 per cent in 2017, down from 90 per cent in 1974 and 0.8 percentage point lower than 2015 levels. Small-scale fisheries are present in almost all countries, accounting for more than half of total production on average, in terms of both quantity and value. 90 per cent in 1974 to 66.9 per cent in 2015. Moreover, marine life is being exposed to conditions outside previously experienced natural variability. They are located mainly in Western Europe, Southern and Eastern Asia, and the Gulf of Mexico. Source: Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, Report of the Secretary-General, https://undocs.org/en/E/2020/57. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. ocean acidification and worsening coastal eutrophication. The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity and existing policies and treaties that encourage responsible use of ocean resources are still insufficient to combat the adverse effects of overfishing, growing ocean acidification due to climate change and worsening coastal eutrophication. They are defined by the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations (UN) in Sep 2015, which are agreed among 193 countries [4]. 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